Recent studies identifying expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in immune cells have uncovered important links between disease risk alleles and gene expression trends in monocytes, T cells and other cell types. However, these studies are generally done with young, healthy subjects, limiting the utility of their findings for age-related conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We have performed RNA sequencing on four T-cell subsets in genome-wide genotyped and well-characterized AD subjects and age- and sex-matched controls from the Religious Orders Study/Memory and Aging Project. We correlated gene expression data with AD neuropathological traits and with single-nucleotide polymorphisms to detect eQTLs. We identified several significant genes involved in T-cell senescence and cytotoxicity, consistent with T-cell RNA sequencing studies in aged/AD cohorts. We identified unexpected eQTLs previously associated with neuropsychiatric disease traits. Finally, we discovered that pathways related to axon guidance and synaptic function were enriched among trans-eQTLs in coding regions of the genome. Our data strengthen the potential link between T-cell senescence and age-related neurodegenerative disease. In addition, our eQTL data suggest that T-cell phenotypes may influence neuropsychiatric disorders and can be influenced by genes involved in neurodevelopmental processes.